Akal Takht Sahib literally means Eternal Throne. It is also part of the Golden Temple complex in Amritsar. Its foundation was laid by Guru Hargobind Sahib, the sixth Sikh Guru. The Akal Takht is situated opposite to Harmandir Sahib and are connected by a passage. The building of the Akal Takht opposite the Golden Temple has a special meaning. While the Golden Temple stands for spiritual guidance the Akal Takht symbolizes the dispensing of justice and temporal activity. During the day the Guru Granth Sahib is kept in the Golden Temple, while at night it is kept in the Akal Takht Sahib. In earlier days all Sikh warriors sought blessings here before going to battle fields. During the 18th century while Sikhs were fighting a guerrilla war in the forests they used to gather at the Akal Takht on special occasions such as Baisakhi . Here the community used to have general meetings and approve resolutions. The Akal Takht is the oldest of the Five Takhts.
Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib Gurdwara Sri Keshgarh Sahib is located in the center of the city of Anandpur Sahib, Punjab, India. It is also known as “Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib” and is one of five highest Sikh institutions in India; it is the city’s main Sikh shrine. The city began as Chakk Nanaki, which was founded by Guru Tegh Bahadur in 1665. His son Guru Gobind Singh ji, who spent 25 years of his life in the city, added greatly to the city’s size, giving it the new name of the City of Bliss (Anandpur). Its foundation stone was laid on March 30,1689. In fact, It was here that the Khalsa was born with the first initiation of Khande Di Pahul, when the young Guru called for a special congregation on the Baisakhi day of 1699 with thousands of Sikhs in attendance. One can only imagine how large the area was around Keshgarh Sahib then to accommodate the many thousands of Sikhs in attendance on that historic day.
Damdama Sahib, also known as Talwandi Sabo (29 – 59’N, 75 – 5’E), is a small town 28 km southeast of Bathinda in the Punjab, is sacred to the Sikhs as the seat of one of their five takhts or centres of highest religious authority. Damdama Sahib, place of repose where the Guru had some respite after a period of continuous turmoil, was visited successively by Guru Tegh Bahadur while travelling in these parts in the early 1670s, and Guru Gobind Singh who stayed here for over nine months in 1706. Tradition also recounts a visit by Guru Nanak during one of his journeys across the country. In the earlier half of the eighteenth century. the place became a cantonment for the Sikhs as well as a seat of learning. It gained renown especially under Baba Deep Singh Shahid. The Shiromani Gurdwara Parbhandhak Committee approved, vide Resolution No. 32, dated 18 November 1966, Damdama Sahib as a takht, adjured the Khalsa to keep this takht in mind as they did in the past while saying their ardas, and recommended to the Punjab Government amendment to the Gurdwara Act so that the jathedar of the takht, like those of the other four takhts, could be counted as an ex officio member of the Shriomani Committee. Several shrines, sarovars and bungas survive as relics of its historical past.
Takhat Patna Sahib enjoys the privilege of being the birthplace of the Tenth Guru Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. He was born here on December 22, 1666. There stands, at the sacred place a magnificent holy shrine, called Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib. It is situated in one of the old quarters of Patna city, once known as Kucha Farrukh Khan, now known as Harmandir Gali. This sacred place has the honour of being visited by the first Guru Shri Guru Nanak Dev ji and the Patna Sahib, Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Patna, Gurudwara Patna Sahib ninth Guru Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji. It is from this place that the commandment of valiance and fearlessness was issued to the Sikh fraternity. The ninth Guru waxed eloquent about this to justify ways of God to men. “This is why I was born and set Patna Sahib as my place of work”. This very line indicates that Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji was born at this sacred place. After bidding an adieu to his promising childhood at Sri Patna Sahib, Guru Sahib stepped into the holy land of Sri Anandpur Sahib.
Nanded is one of the historical places in Marathwada region of Maharashtra State. It is situated on the north bank of Godavari River, in the southeastern part of Maharashtra, bordering Telangana. It is famous for Sikh Gurudwaras. Nanded is a town of great antiquity. It is said that during the Puranic days, Pandavas traveled through Nanded district. In 1708, Guru Gobind Singh the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs came over to Nanded, his permanent abode. It was he who preached amongst the Sikhs that there need not be any spiritual leader for them and they should take Granth Sahib as their leader. A monument has been constructed at the place where he died. A Gurudwara has also been constructed there. It is known as Sri Huzur Abchalnagar Sachkhand Gurudwara.
Location: Amritsar’s Panj Takhat