The national park is an area given by the government for the preservation of flora and fauna. The national park also comes in the use of the people for the recreation and amusement purpose. Most of the landscapes and their accompanying flora and fauna in the national parks are preserved in their natural state.
There are several National parks in various countries that vary greatly in preserving their resources. Governments offer a huge budget to make possible strict enforcement of regulations; others don’t. National parks not only preserve flora and fauna but also offers a huge place of amusement and people does not leave any chance to visit these national parks. If you are planning to visit in Amritsar there are some national parks and wildlife sanctuaries near Amritsar.
1. ABOHAR NATIONAL PARK
Abohar city is located in the Fazilka District of Punjab. It was previously a part of the Firozpur District in Punjab. Abohar city is located close to the intersection of Haryana, Rajasthan and Punjab and is also close to the neighbor country Pakistan. Because of this reason Abohar is also termed as the Trinity of Culture, Civilization and Ethnicity of Punjab. Abohar is famous for the largest producers of cotton in the northern part of India. Abohar city was found in the 12th century by Raja Abheraj Bhatti was named as Abohar. The flora in Abohar National Park is classified under the tropical dry mixed deciduous forest. The National park is also home to several other animals apart from the black buck and blue bull. Porcupines, wild boars and black ducks are also spotted easily in the park. Unlike other wildlife sanctuaries that are located over public or government land, the Abohar National park spreads over private land. The Bishnois protect the animals in the national park from the hunters by not allowing them to hunt in the area. The Abohar National park is the best visited during the winter season from October to March. At this time the weather is nice and visitors can enjoy roaming here and there around the sanctuary. The summer season is not recommended as the temperature is soaring and the monsoon season receives heavy rains.
2. HARIKE Wetland
Harike national park, is situated at the confluence of the rivers Beas and Sutlej. The Harike National park, covering an area of 4,100 hectares, was created during the construction of the Harike barrage across the Sutlej River. During winters, several thousands of migratory birds arrive from the Himalayas, Europe and Siberia, giving it the best time of the year to visit this place. Some of the regular visitors sighted in national park include the large cormorant, purple moorhen, tufted duck, white-winged tern, bar-headed goose and the white-eyed pochard. The Harike National park are also home to various species of snakes, lizards, dolphin and fish.
Harike National park in Punjab consists of a variety of species of flora and fauna. We visited Harike wetland in Punjab. In the Harike national park, the Wetlands or marshes in these areas were the point of amusement having terrestrial and acquatic plants and animals species. This exotic place topped our wish list for some of our favourite reasons. The best time to visit Harike is winter season where we find thousands of duck that paddle around and quack. Brahminy duck is the common sight during the winter. The diving ducks and tufted ducks beautify the lake and make it their home. More than 382 bird species out of which 39 species are migrants are also found here like the ,crow, parrot, pigeon, duck, bird, warbler, fantail, gull, stonechat, and woodpecker. Around 8 turtle-species and 25 species of fish also found here.
3. JHAJJAR BACHAULI NATIONAL PARK
The Jhajjar-Bachauli NATIONAL PARK is located about 16 Km away from the city of Anandpur Sahib. The nature reserve lies in the wooded area owned by the government in the Rupnagar District. The Jhajjar-Bachauli National Park spans over an area of 290 acres. The national park is home to predators like leopard, jackal, tiger, lion etc. Sambars, barking deer, dogs and hare are some harmless animals that resides in the national park.
The entire area of the national park is covered with huge amount of trees such as amla, kikar, neem, pipal, shisham, banyan, bamboo, etc. These trees support a lot of fauna and flora and also various insects. Visitors to the national park can watch a wide range of, reptiles and insects in their natural habitats. The national park is beautiful and offers scenic views of the natural environment. Sutlej river is very near to the national park that varies a huge amount of bird species. The best time to visit the national park is the winter season. During the summer and monsoon months, there is a high temperature which makes it difficult to roam around in the park. The Jhajjar-Bachauli National Park is easily connected by road through the city of Anandpur Sahib. Visitors should carry binoculars and a camera when visiting the sanctuary they can get the pictures of the various creatures so that they can recall back all the memories of the national park.
4. BIR MOTI BAGH NATIONAL PARK
The national park is located at Patiala in Punjab. It is the best place of tourism that offers a wide range of flora and fauna including both terrestrial and acquatic ones. The national park extends to an area of 656 hectares. The deer, bear, pork can be easily spotted within the surrounding areas of the National park.
Many of the wild species in the National park are deer, tiger, lion, bull, buck, Peafowl, patridges, Myna, sparrows, boar, monkeys. Seeing the flora region we have a huge variety of flora such as pipal, eucalyptus, Drek, Beri, Eucalyptus, Khajoor, neem, Kikar, Teak,sagwan and Shisham are some of the varieties of flora spotted here. This national park has been one of the places of hunting of the kings of the Patiala in earlier times. There is a huge variety of fauna and flora found here in the bir moti bagh national park that adds beauty to the environment.
5. BIR BHADSON NATIONAL PARK
Bir Bhadson National park lies in the district Patiala and is spread over the area of 1023 hectare of land. It comprises of various species such as Bull, Monkey, Tiger, Lion, Jackal, Jungle Cat, Black and Hare are spotted here. There is a huge forest in the national park comprising of several animals and plants. There is a huge variety of wildlife in the state of Punjab itself.
Flora and fauna conservation has been known to man for a long time. Just like how you can find flora’s in various national parks, the same applies to Bir Bhadson National park and same is the case of flora found here.
6. Mahendra Zoological Park (Chatt Bir zoo)
It is located in zirakpur in Punjab. It comprises of many species of flora and fauna that can be captured in cameras of everyone and there is a very beautiful arrangement of electric carts in affordable prices that a common man can also afford. It’s a must visit the site to the children and safari to the zoological park is very enthusiastic and amazing one. Greenery around this zoological park is a very attractive one and is very well maintained by the government. Here we find species such as lion and tiger and you can get the view of tiger and lion from very near but must take precautions. Lion safari is a very pleasing one.
After all in my opinion everyone must visit national parks so that they can come to know about out the various flora and fauna and its different species that exists in nature and moreover they get a chance to come in close contact of nature and enjoy the beauty of nature in the natural environment moreover to maintain the balance in the nature there must be national parks in the country.